Transparency, is the term used in science, engineering, business, the humanities and in a social context more generally, implies openness, communication, and accountability. Transparency is operating in such a way that it is easy for others to see what actions are performed. It has been defined simply as “the perceived quality of intentionally shared information from a sender”.
The Obama administration set a new record for withholding or censoring government documents in 2014, according to an Associated Press analysis.
By the end of the year, the backlog of unanswered Freedom of Information Act records requests at the end of the year numbered more than 200,000 — up 55 percent from the previous year. The administration also denied access to more than one-third of document requests.
The analysis — which comes amid the controversy over former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s private email system and after the White House announced that its Office of Administration is not subject to FOIA — further undermines Obama’s longtime claim of being the “most transparent administration in history.”